Plant Propagation Technique

Grafting encompasses any process whereby a part (called the scion) taken from one plant, is made to unite with and grow upon another plant or part of a plant (called the stock). The scion may be a single bud, a small twig bearing a few to several buds, a piece of stem (as of a cactus), a terminal shoot (as of an evergreen), or a fragment of root of a desirable variety. The primary purpose of grafting is to either increase the chances of the scion's making successful growth by giving it a new foundation in the form of a more vigorous root system than it had originally, or to change over the form, character, fruit-bearing quality, etc. of the stock plant or tree by substituting some other variety for its original top.

Apple Tree Grafting

Apple Tree Graft

Grafting may also be used to create a tree or plant bearing two or more distinct varieties of flower or fruit. After the scion and stock have been cut and adjusted, they are tied into place after which the whole area of wounded surfaces is sealed with grafting wax, tape, or paraffin, which checks the evaporation of available moisture. As the two parts of a graft grow together they are said to form a "union".

Many kinds of grafting are practiced by nursery growers for special purposes or with specific plants, but those best suited to the average gardener's needs are whip, cleft, side and bridge grafting.

Approach Grafting

Rind Grafting

Propagation by Grafting Articles

Grafting a Laceleaf Weeping Japanese Red Maple
by Jeff Edwards

Properly Pruning Grafted and Budded Plants
by Jeff Edwards

Approach Grafting
by Larry Stein

Four-Flap Graft
by Sammy Helmers & Austin Stockton

Texas Inlay Bark Graft
by George Ray McEachern, Sammy Helmers, Larry Stein and John Lipe

Green Wood Graft
by Loy Shreve, Jerry Parsons and Sammy Helmers

Whip Grafting
by Bluefford G Hancock, George Ray McEachern, and Larry Stein

Collecting and Storing Graftwood
by George Ray McEachern

Grafting Texas Pecans
by Aggie Horticulture