Zone 7

USDA Hardiness Zone 7 encompasses regions with average minimum winter temperatures ranging from 0°F to 10°F (-18°C to -12°C). This zone includes parts of the southeastern United States, such as areas in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Oklahoma, as well as parts of the Pacific Northwest. Gardeners in Zone 7 benefit from a long growing season, typically lasting from April to October. The climate supports a diverse range of plants, including many perennials, shrubs, and trees. Successful gardening in Zone 7 involves selecting plants that can tolerate both mild winters and hot summers, maximizing the extended growing period for optimal growth and yield​.

What is the climate like in Zone 7?

Zone 7 experiences average minimum winter temperatures between 0°F and 10°F (-18°C to -12°C). While these temperatures are milder compared to colder zones, they can still affect plants that are not sufficiently cold-hardy. Selecting plants that can withstand occasional freezes is essential for success​.

The growing season in Zone 7 typically lasts from April to October, providing a long period for plant growth. This extended season allows for a wide variety of plants to thrive, but it also means gardeners need to manage plants through both hot summers and cool winters.

Summers in Zone 7 can be quite hot, with temperatures often reaching into the 90s°F (30s°C). This heat can stress plants, particularly those not well-suited to high temperatures. Providing adequate water, using mulch to retain soil moisture, and selecting heat-tolerant plant varieties can help mitigate the effects of summer heat​.

Zone 7 regions can experience variable precipitation, ranging from dry spells to periods of heavy rainfall. This variability requires gardeners to be prepared for both drought and flooding conditions. Implementing good drainage systems, using rain barrels, and choosing drought-resistant plants can help manage water effectively.

The warmer climate and extended growing season in Zone 7 can lead to increased pest and disease pressures. Common pests such as aphids, beetles, and caterpillars, as well as diseases like powdery mildew and blight, can affect plants. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices, including crop rotation, the use of beneficial insects, and selecting disease-resistant plant varieties, are essential for maintaining plant health.

What is the recommended planting schedule?

Below, you can see the recommended planting schedule for vegetables and herbs.


Plant Sow seeds indoor Transplanting to outdoor Harvesting Month Last date
Cucumber N/A N/A N/A N/A
Brussels Sprouts May 7 May 14 August 2 July 19
Tomato June 7 June 12 August 6 July 21
Spinach March 27 April 6 May 11 September 29
Beets May 13th May 23rd July 12th August 27th
Zucchini May 26 June 2 July 12 July 3
Cabbages N/A N/A N/A N/A
Potato May 13 May 23 July 22 August 17
Radish April 25 April 30 May 28 September 18
Broccoli April 20 April 30 June 24 August 28
Carrot April 5 April 19 July 12 August 21
Cauliflower April 16 April 23 June 12 September 2
Onion March 11 March 20 July 18 July 25


Plant Sow seeds indoor Transplanting to outdoor Harvesting Month Last date
Marjoram May 25 June 1 July 6 August 20
Parsley March 28 April 17 June 6 September 26
Dill June 22 July 2 July 30 July 15
Fennel March 11 March 25 June 9 September 16
Sage May 22 June 1 July 31 July 26
Thyme All year All year All year All year
Oregano April 23 April 30 June 14 September 1
Mustard April 23 April 30 May 30 September 16
Mint June 8 June 18 August 17 July 10
Lavender April 16 April 30 June 9 September 6
Rosemary March 22 April 6 June 25 August 15
Ginger N/A N/A N/A N/A
Basil May 23 June 2 July 22 August 1
Cilantro April 23 April 30 August 21 July 9