Everything about Tomatoes


Common Name: Tomato

Latin Name: Solanum lycopersicum

Family: Solanaceae

Plant Time: Spring

Mature Size: 3-10 ft tall

Sun Preference: Full sun

Soil Preference: sandy loam soil, pH 6.2 - 6.8

Bloom Time: Early summer

Flower Color: Yellow

Native Area: South America

Toxicity: -

Growth Rate: -

Wildlife Value: -

Table of Contents

Welcome to the fascinating world of Solanum lycopersicum, more commonly known as the Tomato Plant. This vibrant plant has its roots in the ancient cultures of South America, where it was first cultivated by the Aztecs and Incas. Though its botanical name might sound intricate, the tomato plant is a familiar friend in gardens and kitchens around the world. With its cheerful yellow flowers giving way to juicy, colorful fruits, the tomato plant is a testament to nature’s generosity.

Growing tomatoes might require a bit more attention than your average houseplant, but the rewards—lush foliage, fragrant blossoms, and a bountiful harvest of delicious tomatoes—are well worth the effort.

Popular Tomato Varieties:


  • Water: Tomato plants need different amounts of water based on the type of soil they’re in. If your garden has sandy soil, which dries out fast, you’ll need to water your tomato plants every three to four days. But if your soil is more like clay and holds water well, watering once a week should do the trick to keep your plants happy.
  • Light: Tomato plants are big fans of sunshine. For the best results, try to give them a spot where they can soak up at least eight hours of sunlight each day. If you live in a really hot area, a bit of dappled shade will still keep your tomatoes thriving.
  • Soil: Tomato plants grow best in rich, well-drained soil. Find a spot with slightly acidic soil that feels a bit sandy or loamy. For awesome tomatoes, mix in some compost or organic matter a few weeks before you plant them, or even in the fall.
  • Temperature and Humidity: Tomatoes love warm weather and grow best when daytime temperatures are between 65 and 80.5°F (18.5 and 27°C). Just make sure the nighttime temperatures stay above 55°F (12°C) to keep them safe from frost.

Planting & Growing

Tomatoes are warm-weather plants, so it’s best to plant them when temperatures are consistently above 55°F. Cherry tomatoes are the quickest to mature, often ready to harvest in just 50-55 days. Regular tomatoes usually take 60-90 days to reach maturity, but some varieties can take up to 120 days. In general, you should allow 60-100 days from planting to harvest for most tomato varieties. For more tips & info on growing and planting tomatoes, check out our full guide.


Pruning your tomato plants helps them grow better and produce more fruit. There are two main types of pruning: Simple and Missouri. In simple pruning, you remove the entire sucker at its base. Missouri pruning is a bit different—you pinch out just the tip of the sucker, leaving one or two leaves.

Common Pests

Frequently Asked Questions

How many tomatoes will 1 plant produce?

A single tomato plant typically produces about 10 to 20 tomatoes, depending on the variety you’re growing.

How long do tomato plants need?

Seed germination takes about 5 – 10 days, while growing into a mature tomato plant takes about 55 days from germination.

How to speed up tomato growth?

To speed up tomato growth:

  1. Choose fast-maturing varieties that suit your climate.
  2. Ensure they get plenty of sunlight and consistent warmth.
  3. Provide proper watering and nutrient-rich soil to support healthy growth.

What is the best month to plant tomatoes?

The best month to plant tomatoes generally falls around April or May, when nighttime temperatures consistently stay above 12°C (55°F). However, the ideal timing can vary based on your specific growing region and local climate conditions.