Everything about Cucumbers


Common Name: Cucumber, Gherkin

Latin Name: Cucumis sativus

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Plant Time: Mid-February to mid-March

Mature Size: 8-6 in. tall

Sun Preference: Full sun, afternoon shade

Soil Preference: oose, well drained, rich soil (pH 6-6.5)

Bloom Time: Late-spring, early-summer

Flower Color: Yellow

Native Area: Asia

Toxicity: -

Growth Rate: -

Wildlife Value: -

Table of Contents

Welcome to the amazing world of Cucumis sativus, more commonly known as the Cucumber Plant. This refreshing plant has a long history, originating in South Asia and making its way to gardens around the world. Although its botanical name might sound complex, the cucumber plant is a well-known friend in both vegetable gardens and kitchens. With its sprawling vines, bright yellow flowers, and crisp, green fruits, the cucumber plant showcases nature’s bounty.

Growing cucumbers might need a bit more care than your typical houseplant, but the benefits—lush vines, lovely blossoms, and a plentiful harvest of crunchy cucumbers—make it all worthwhile.

Popular Cucumber Varieties:


Water: Cucumber plants need consistent watering to thrive. If your garden has sandy soil, which dries out fast, water your cucumber plants every two to three days. If your soil holds moisture well, like clay, watering once a week should be enough.

Light: Cucumber plants love the sun. They grow best in a spot where they can get at least six to eight hours of sunlight each day. In very hot areas, some afternoon shade can help keep them cool and happy.

Soil: Cucumber plants do best in rich, well-drained soil. Choose a spot with slightly acidic to neutral soil that feels loamy. For the best cucumbers, mix in some compost or organic matter a few weeks before planting.

Temperature and Humidity: Cucumbers enjoy warm weather and grow best when temperatures are between 70 and 82°F (21 and 28°C). Make sure the nighttime temperatures stay above 60°F (15°C).

Planting & Growing

Cucumbers are warm-weather plants, so plant them when the temperatures are consistently above 60°F (16°C). Most cucumber varieties are ready to harvest in 50-70 days from planting. Some can take a bit longer, up to 80 days.


Pruning your cucumber plants helps them grow stronger and produce more fruit. Regularly remove any dead or yellowing leaves and trim back any overly long vines to encourage healthy growth and better air circulation.

Common Pests

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to plant cucumbers?

Sow seeds about half an inch deep and two inches apart for vining types. You can also plant three or four seeds together in small “hills” to help them grow.

What month do you plant cucumber?

Start planting cucumbers in May, and do a second planting in mid to late summer. This timing helps avoid pests and ensures a continuous harvest into late summer.

Do cucumbers need full sun?

Yes, cucumbers need full sun to grow well and don’t tolerate shade. They thrive in the ground, raised beds, or containers with plenty of light.

Can cucumbers grow in the shade?

Cucumbers need as much sun as possible to produce fruit. If grown in shade, they still need lots of water, but watch out for snails and slugs.

How hot is too hot for cucumbers?

Temperatures over 40ºC (104ºF) can stop cucumber plants from growing and damage the fruit. They prefer cooler, consistent warmth for the best growth.